Glatiramer Acetate (Copaxone®)

Brand NameCopaxone®
Scientific NameGlatiramer Acetate
What is it?Glatiramer acetate is a self-injectable medication. Copaxone“ is sometimes referred to as one of the “injectables” or “A, B, C therapy.” It is a medication consisting of 4 naturally occurring proteins, specifically: L-glutamic acid, L-alanine, L-tyrosine, and L-lysine. It was chemically designed to mimic myelin basic protein, which is involved with the activation of the immune system to attack the myelin that covers the neurons in the central nervous system.
What does it do?Glatiramer has been shown to decrease relapse rates in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Some data suggest that it may slow the progression of multiple sclerosis, and offer a neuroprotective effect.
How does it work?Although the mechanism of action is not completely understood, glatiramer is thought to work by modifying the way in which certain white blood cells, including T-helper cells and T-suppressor cells, react to myelin, which is one major target in multiple sclerosis.
How is it taken?It is injected subcutaneously (under the skin)
What are the side effects ?Common side effects include :
-Redness, pain, swelling, itching, or a lump at the injection site
-Fever, chills, body ache, sore throat
-Swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, armpits or groin areas
-Fluid retention, facial swelling, weight gain
-Nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, sweating
-Tremor, muscle pain, neck pain, weakness
-Anxiety, hand shakes
-Low blood pressure – dizziness, pounding heartbeat or fluttering in heart
-Immediate post-injection reaction
-Chest pain
-Increased risk of infection
-vaginal itching
-double vision